Facebook Review: Fortress Fest was a success Twitter Bernice Ogbondahhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/bernice-ogbondah/ + posts ReddIt Bernice Ogbondah (Graphic by Paris Jones) Bernice Ogbondah is a junior journalism major from Fort Worth, Texas. When she’s not reporting you can find her curating playlists or furiously retweeting foreign affairs, political pundits and anything social justice. Bernice Ogbondahhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/bernice-ogbondah/ Bernice Ogbondahhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/bernice-ogbondah/ Bernice Ogbondahhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/bernice-ogbondah/ World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution Listen: Ball Don’t Lie: Clutch Factor ReddIt Listen: Ball Don’t Lie: Playoff C’s Previous articleBaseball blanks Abilene Christian, 4-0Next articleCRES negotiates move to interdisciplinary unit amid student resistance Bernice Ogbondah RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter Facebook Linkedin Second annual Fortress Fest comes to the Fort this weekend The College of Science and Engineering Dean, Phil Hartman, retires after 40 consecutive years Linkedin TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history printThis week, in Caleb’s final episode, the guys discuss Lonzo Ball’s favorite rappers, the state of the Thunder and the LeBron vs Jordan debate.
News to go further News Rico Ramirez, of local radio station dzSF, was shot dead in San Francisco (Mindanao island) on 20 August, apparently by agents of organised crime and drug traffickers he had recently criticised. Reporters Without Borders deplores the failure to punish killers of journalists in the Philippines. RSF_en Help by sharing this information May 3, 2021 Find out more News Mass international solidarity campaign launched in support of Maria Ressa February 16, 2021 Find out more PhilippinesAsia – Pacific Receive email alerts Filipina journalist still held although court dismissed case eleven days ago PhilippinesAsia – Pacific Philippines: RSF and the #HoldTheLine Coalition welcome reprieve for Maria Ressa, demand all other charges and cases be dropped Follow the news on Philippines News Organisation June 1, 2021 Find out more September 2, 2003 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Fifth journalist killed this year Reporters Without Borders expressed great concern today at the killing of radio journalist Rico Ramirez, apparently by the drug underworld he had criticised, in the town of San Francisco, in the Philippines province of Agusan del Sur (northern Mindanao island). His death on 20 August (but only revealed today) came a day after the murder of radio journalist Noel Villarante and brought to five the number of journalists killed in the Philippines this year for doing their job. “The impunity enjoyed by killers of journalists, especially in the case of Edgar Damalerio, encourages hitmen and those who hire them to physically eliminate critical media workers,” the press freedom organisation said. “The government is partly responsible for this wave of violence, which makes the country one of the world’s most dangerous for journalists.”It called on interior and local government minister José D. Lina and provincial governor Adolph Edward G. Plaza to see that police arrested and punished Ramirez’ killers and urged the authorities to introduce a scheme to protect threatened journalists, as has been done by the Colombian government. Ramirez, who worked for the radio station dzSF, was shot dead by two gunmen, who fired at him from behind about 100 metres from his place of work. The station manager, Max Tutor, who saw what happened, said police had not found any clues so far. But Ramirez’ recent criticism of local organised crime and drug traffickers suggested these circles were responsible. Ramirez was the 41st journalist killed since 1986, apparently because of his work. The other four murdered this year were Villarante, John Villanueva, of the radio station dzGB-AM (28 April), Apolinario “Polly” Podeba, of radio station dwTI-AM (17 May) and Bonifacio Gregorio, of the local weekly Dyaryo Banat (8 July).
The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Subscribe Share 1Save On Wednesday, the Federal Reserve will release its latest Beige Book , a publication about current economic conditions across the 12 Federal Reserve Districts. The Book is published eight times per year, and summarizes key economic conditions by each of the Fed districts. The last Book revealed increased economic activity across the U.S.Eight of the 12 Federal Reserve Districts reported modest to moderate growth. The majority of Districts indicated that manufacturing expanded, but that growth had slowed, particularly in the auto and energy sectors. New home construction and existing home sales were little changed, with several Districts reporting that sales were limited by rising prices and low inventory. Commercial real estate activity was also little changed on balance. Most Districts reported modest to moderate growth in activity in the nonfinancial services sector, though a few Districts noted that growth there had slowed.According to the Book, residential real estate markets saw ongoing price increases and mixed sales results; contacts in a couple of markets cited greater “balance” as local shortages of housing inventory eased somewhat. While retailers (including an auto dealer) and manufacturers said sizable tariff increases would pose significant problems if they occurred and many respondents cited uncertainty, outlooks remained mostly positive.Closed single-family sales were up year-over-year from November 2017 to November 2018 in Rhode Island, Boston, and Maine, and down in Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Residential markets in Rhode Island and Boston became more balanced in recent months, with growing supplies of homes for sale and moderation in the pace of home price appreciation. Despite a seller’s market environment, contacts said real estate was a preferred investment choice, given the volatile U.S. stock market.Here’s what else is happening in The Week Ahead:Eighth Annual AEI-CRN Housing Conference (October 16-17)Affinity Consulting 2019 Management Symposium (October 16-17)Census Bureau Housing Starts (October 17)Census Bureau Building Permits Survey (October 17)The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s Semi-Annual Report to Congress (October 17) Home / Daily Dose / The Week Ahead: Economic Activity’s Growth Measured Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago About Author: Seth Welborn Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Related Articles Print This Post Seth Welborn is a Reporter for DS News and MReport. A graduate of Harding University, he has covered numerous topics across the real estate and default servicing industries. Additionally, he has written B2B marketing copy for Dallas-based companies such as AT&T. An East Texas Native, he also works part-time as a photographer. October 11, 2019 964 Views Tagged with: CFPB Economy Federal Reserve Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Previous: What’s Behind Racial Disparities in Homeownership? Next: New Technology Released to Improve Efficiency, Automation The Week Ahead: Economic Activity’s Growth Measured in Daily Dose, Featured, Government, News Sign up for DS News Daily CFPB Economy Federal Reserve 2019-10-11 Seth Welborn
Top StoriesCJI Says It’s A Dichotomy To Allow Killing Animals For Consumption While Not Allowing Killing Of Animals For Offering To Deity And Then Consuming Radhika Roy16 July 2020 7:40 AMShare This – xThe Supreme Court on Thursday notice in a special leave petition filed against a judgment of the the Kerala High Court upholding the Constitutional validity of the Kerala Animals and Bird Sacrifices Prohibition Act, 1968. A Bench comprising of Chief Justice of India SA Bobde, and Justices R. Subhash Reddy and AS Bopanna heard the matter and issued notice in the same, with the…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court on Thursday notice in a special leave petition filed against a judgment of the the Kerala High Court upholding the Constitutional validity of the Kerala Animals and Bird Sacrifices Prohibition Act, 1968. A Bench comprising of Chief Justice of India SA Bobde, and Justices R. Subhash Reddy and AS Bopanna heard the matter and issued notice in the same, with the CJI observing that a dichotomy existed, wherein killing animals and consuming them was allowed. However, killing of animals, offering them to a deity and then consuming them was not allowed. “There is a dichotomy. Killing animals & consuming is allowed. But killing animals, offering to deity and then consuming is not allowed.People talk of all kinds of things. They say in the 1960 law, it is permissible to kill an animal but it is not allowed to be cruel to the animal”, CJI orally remarked. The CJI was referring to the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960, which exempts killing of animals for food from punishment if it was done without inflicting unnecessary pain and suffering.The appeal, filed by PE Gopalakrishnan, a Shakthi worshipper, claims that animal sacrifice is an integral part of his religious practice and the Order of the Kerala High Court which dismisses a challenge to the impugned Act, impinges upon his fundamental right under Article 25(1) of the Constitution of India. On June 16, 2020, a division bench of the Kerala High Court comprising of Chief Justice S. Manikumar and Justice Shaji P. Chaly, dismissed a challenge to the Act and observed that there were no materials on record to substantiate which community of the religion under Hindus or any other religion, was required to kill an animal, for propitiating, if not for personal consumption, in the manner required in the religion. The plea, filed by Advocate A. Karthik, states that the order of dismissal was passed without considering the contentions raised by the Petitioner in his application for impleadment before the Kerala High Court. The grounds raised by the Petitioner include: 1) Unreasonably interferes with the rights of the Petitioners under Articles 25 and 26 of the Constitution of India. The Petitioner has contended that animal sacrifice is an integral part of Shakthi worship and since he is unable to make an offering to the deity, there is a reasonable apprehension of facing the “wrath of Devi”. In support of his arguments, the Petitioner has placed several doctrinal materials on record, entailing a detailed list of scriptural mandate indicating the essentiality and inalterability of the practice of animal sacrifice to his religious customs and traditions. 2) Violative of Article 14 of the Constitution of India The Petitioner has contended that the Act criminalizes animal sacrifice to the exclusion of identical practices by other religious communities, without the same being founded on any intelligible differentia. “If the object of the law were to ensure preservation and protection of animals, it would demand its uniform application across all religious communities,” he has submitted. It is further argued that mental condition alone, i.e killing or maiming of any animal for propitiating any deity alone is the core consideration under the Act and the converse, if the act is not for propitiating any deity, but for personal consumption even in temple premises, then it is not forbidden. “The impugned Act criminalizes the intent behind the animal sacrifice, and not animal sacrifice per se. If the sacrifice is not for propitiating any deity but for personal consumption even in the precincts of temple, it is not forbidden. This arbitrary classification is violative of Article 14 of the Constitution of India,” the plea states. 3) Impugned Act is repugnant to The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (Central Legislation) and therefore, void in view of Article 254 of the Constitution of India. The Petitioner has pointed out that while the Central legislation grants an exemption to the killing of animals for religious purposes, the impugned Act selectively criminalizes the same, thus negating the provision of the former. “It resorts to a distinction pertaining to the terminologies used, the former employing the term ‘killing’, and the latter employing the term ‘sacrifice’. This is done in ignorance of Section 2(b) of the State Act which defines ‘sacrifice’ to include within its ambit killing, and maiming,” the plea states. The petition has been drawn by Advocates Ananthu Bahuleyan, Sarveshwar Kannan and Anushka Paridkar. Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) — The Supreme Court ruled on Monday in favor of a Colorado baker who refused to make a wedding cake for a same-sex couple because it violated his religious beliefs. In the opinion issued by Justice Anthony Kennedy, the court disagreed with a Colorado court’s previous ruling that the gay couple, Charlie Craig and Dave Mullins, had been discriminated against based on sexual orientation. The Supreme Court decision said the Colorado Civil Rights Commission was hostile to the first amendment rights of the baker, Jack Phillips. The majority decision said that “Phillips’ religious objection was not considered with the neutrality that the Free Exercise Clause requires.”The decision also seems to limit the possible precedent, saying that future cases must be weighed in the courts with respect to the rights of both individuals’ religious rights and the rights of same-sex couples.“In the context of recognizing that these disputes must be resolved with tolerance, without undue disrespect to sincere religious beliefs, and without subjecting gay persons to indignities when they seek goods and services in an open market,” Kennedy wrote in the decision.Justice Neil Gorsuch agreed with the opinion, writing that even though a wedding cake doesn’t have words or symbols, it sends a message that celebrates a wedding and that the courts shouldn’t force someone to convey that message if it is against their beliefs.“At its most general level, the cake at issue in Mr. Phillips’s case was just a mixture of flour and eggs; and its most specific level, it was a cake celebrating the same-sex wedding of Mr. Craig and Mr. Mullins,” Gorsuch said.Craig and Mullins complained to the Colorado Civil Rights Commission after they sat down with Phillips, owner of Masterpiece Cakeshop, for a wedding cake design appointment and he told them that he did not design cakes for gay weddings.He offered them baked goods, but said he would not bake them a custom cake, which he described as a form of artistic expression. A Colorado court previously ruled that the baker violated the couple’s civil rights under a state law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. But Phillips appealed, argued that baking is a form of artistic expression and an important part of a wedding ceremony, and he could not participate in a wedding that violated his religious beliefs.“I serve everybody, all the time,” Phillips said on ABC’s The View last June. “But I don’t make a cake for every event that’s required of me.”Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
Tidewater Regional JailBy ALEXANDER MALLIN and MEREDITH DELISO, ABC News(WASHINGTON) — More than a week after the attack on the U.S. Capitol, federal authorities continue to charge people who allegedly participated in the riot, often relying on video taken at the scene to identify suspects.Man seen carrying Confederate flag in CapitolA man whom authorities identified as carrying a Confederate flag while walking through the Capitol halls during the Jan. 6 siege was arrested Thursday morning in Delaware, a law enforcement official confirmed to ABC News.Kevin Seefried was charged with one count of knowingly entering or remaining in any restricted building or grounds without lawful authority, one count of violent entry and disorderly conduct on Capitol grounds and one count of depredation of government property, the U.S. attorney’s office in D.C. announced.His son, Hunter Seefried, faces the same charges, authorities said. ABC News could not immediately reach them or their attorneys for comment.The FBI had put out several bulletins over the past week seeking to identify the elder Seefried. Both men were identified after the FBI received a tip from Hunter Seefried’s coworker that he “bragged about being in the Capitol with his father” on Jan. 6, according to an FBI affidavit.Both men allegedly entered the Senate building through a broken window, soon after which Kevin Seefried was spotted walking through the halls with a Confederate flag, according to the affidavit.FBI agents interviewed the men on Tuesday, during which they confirmed they participated in the riot, according to the affidavit. Kevin Seefried “explained that he brought the Confederate Battle flag … from his home in Delaware where it is usually displayed outside,” the FBI said.Kevin Seefried told law enforcement they traveled with their family to see Trump speak, and then he and Hunter participated in the march to the Capitol, according to the affidavit.Retired firefighter who allegedly threw fire extinguisher at policeRobert Sanford, a retired firefighter from Boothwyn, Pennsylvania, was arrested Thursday morning on three federal charges for allegedly hurling a fire extinguisher that hit three Capitol police officers at the riot last week, a U.S. official confirmed to ABC News.The assault is separate from the ongoing investigation into the death of Capitol police officer Brian Sicknick, the official told ABC News.Sanford, 55, was charged with four federal offenses — knowingly entering a restricted building, disorderly conduct on Capitol grounds, civil disorder and assaulting officers engaging in their official duties.A federal judge in Pennsylvania Thursday afternoon ordered Sanford to remain in government custody pending his next hearing in Washington, D.C., saying his alleged actions show he presents a danger to the community.During the detention hearing, a Department of Justice attorney accused Sanford of traveling across multiple state lines “as part of a group” that attended President Trump’s speech and then subsequently marched to the Capitol for “purposes of basically participating in a riot that was an insurrection against the United States government.”Rejecting the defense’s argument that Sanford’s long service as a firefighter should count in favor of his release pending further proceedings, the judge described his actions as “clearly … a danger to the community,” adding the riots were “a danger for the Capitol, it was a danger to our democracy, and our legislators.”Authorities identified Sanford from two videos that captured the attack on the Capitol, stills of which were included in the FBI affidavit.Sanford allegedly threw an object, which from the video appeared to be a fire extinguisher, at a group of police officers, according to the affidavit.“The object appears to strike one officer, who was wearing a helmet, in the head,” the affidavit stated. “The object then ricochets and strikes another officer, who was not wearing a helmet, in the head. The object then ricochets a third time and strikes a third officer, wearing a helmet, in the head.”One of the officers was evaluated at a hospital before being cleared to return to duty, according to the affidavit.Sanford was identified after a longtime friend of his contacted the FBI in Pennsylvania and said they recognized Sanford from photos put out by the FBI, the affidavit stated. The friend said Sanford traveled to DC “on a bus with a group of people” who “had gone to the White House and listened to President Donald J. Trump’s speech and then had followed the President’s instructions and gone to the Capitol,” according to the affidavit.Sanford had recently retired from the Chester Fire Department in Chester, Pennsylvania, authorities said. The man identified as Sanford in the videos can be seen wearing a stocking cap with the logo for the fire department.In a statement released Thursday, Chester Mayor Thaddeus Kirkland said Sanford served as a member of the fire department from January 1994 to February 2020.“While Robert Sanford adorned a hat with a Fire Department logo, he is not a current employee of the city of Chester,” Kirkland said.Man who allegedly beat officer with American flagA man seen in a viral video beating a police officer with a flagpole that had an American flag attached to it has been charged, the Department of Justice said Thursday.Authorities identified Peter Stager of Arkansas as the man in the video. Stager allegedly repeatedly struck an officer with the D.C. Metropolitan Police Department on the steps of the Capitol building with the flagpole, according to the criminal complaint.A confidential source tipped the FBI off to Stager’s identity from two videos posted on a Twitter thread, according to the FBI affidavit.In one of the videos, the source identified Stager as saying, “Everybody in there is a treasonous traitor. Death is the only remedy for what’s in that building.”“That building” was believed to be a reference to the U.S. Capitol building, and “everybody in there” a reference to the congresspeople inside at the time, according to the affidavit.Stager allegedly told a separate individual in touch with the confidential source that he thought the cop was “Antifa,” despite the officer’s jacket identifying him as police.It was not immediately clear whether Stager had been arrested. ABC News was unable to reach him for comment.Man who filmed fatal shooting of Ashli BabbittJohn Sullivan, the leader of activist group Insurgence USA who followed rioters throughout the Capitol and taped the fatal shooting of Ashli Babbitt, has been charged with multiple federal offenses — entering a restricted building, civil disorder, violent entry and disorderly conduct — authorities said.Sullivan, 26, was arrested Thursday in Provo, Utah.The complaint alleged that Sullivan, while wearing a ballistics vest and gas mask, entered the Capitol through a window that had been broken out.The affidavit for the charges is based almost entirely on a 50-minute video Sullivan taped as he filmed rioters attacking the U.S. Capitol, as well as an interview Sullivan gave to an FBI task force officer last week.In the video, Sullivan can be heard saying, “It’s our house motherfu*****” and “We are getting this sh**,” according to the affidavit.The agent also cited interviews Sullivan gave to both CNN and ABC’s “Good Morning America” in which he described the situation inside the Capitol.According to the affidavit, Sullivan told investigators he is an activist and journalist “but admitted that he did not have any press credentials.” He told investigators he was willing to provide a copy of all his footage from within the Capitol, the affidavit stated.In July, Sullivan was charged with rioting and criminal mischief in connection with a protest in Provo, authorities said. The case is still pending.ABC News has reached out to Sullivan for comment.Former Texas mayoral candidate who posted selfie videos from CapitolA former Midland, Texas, mayoral candidate was arrested and charged with two federal offenses Wednesday after she posted multiple selfie videos of her participating in last week’s riot in the Capitol, authorities said.In one Facebook video cited in the FBI affidavit, Jenny Cudd made statements “indicating her admission of entering the U.S. Capitol,” the affidavit stated, including allegedly being a part of the crowd that stormed the Capitol and broke into House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s office.According to the affidavit, Cudd said in the video, “We did break down Nancy Pelosi’s office door and somebody stole her gavel and took a picture sitting in the chair flipping off the camera.”“I am proud of my actions, I f****** charged the Capitol today with patriots today. Hell yes, I am proud of my actions,” Cudd allegedly said.The Facebook livestream video has since been removed.Cudd was charged with entering a restricted building and disorderly conduct, both misdemeanors. Her attorney told the Midland Reporter-Telegram she plans to plead not guilty at her court appearance next week.Cudd ran for mayor of Midland in 2019 and lost to Patrick Payton. Following her arrest, Payton’s office released a statement to ABC News Austin affiliate KVUE: “The mayor will reserve any further comment for much later and would encourage us all to reserve any further speculation or judgment on these matters until more is known and the federal authorities progress in their work on this matter.”More high-profile arrestsDozens of arrests have been made around the country in recent days in connection with the Capitol attack.Among them, on Wednesday, a man who authorities identified as the rioter wearing a “Camp Auschwitz” hoodie during the Capitol siege was arrested in Newport News, Virginia. He faces charges of unlawful entry into the U.S. Capitol and violent entry and disorderly conduct on Capitol grounds.Olympic gold medalist Klete Keller was charged Wednesday with obstructing law enforcement engaged in official duties, unlawfully entering Capitol grounds and disorderly conduct on Capitol grounds.The man who was photographed inside the Capitol wearing fur pelts and a bulletproof police vest while holding a Capitol Police riot shield was arrested Tuesday in Brooklyn and faces four federal charges.Over the weekend, Capitol riot suspects who allegedly brought zip ties and wore tactical gear were arrested in Texas and Tennessee.The man seen carrying Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s lectern through the Capitol halls and the shirtless man dressed in horns, a bearskin headdress and red, white and blue face paint were arrested on Friday in Florida and Arizona, respectively.ABC News’ Alexandra Svokos and Julia Jacobo contributed to this report.Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. 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Comments are closed. “I’m going to confess, right up front. This blog post is a shameless plug for my new ebook on social media, written with that very nice Tim Scott, better known on Twitter as”Read full article Related posts:No related photos. Previous Article Next Article Watching the Watchers | People StuffShared from missc on 30 Apr 2015 in Personnel Today
In January 1998 an imaging riometer system was deployed at Halley, Antarctica (76°S, 27°W), involving the construction of an array of 64 crossed-dipole antennas and a ground plane. Weather conditions at Halley mean that such an array will rapidly bury beneath the snow, so the system was tuned to operate efficiently when buried. Theoretical calculations indicate that because the distance between the ground plane and the array was scaled to be 1/4λ in the snow, as snow fills the gap the signal will increase by 0.6–2.5 dB. Similarly, the short antennas are resonant when operated in snow, not in air. Theoretical calculations show that the largest effect of this is the mismatch of their feed point impedance to the receiver network. As the signal for each riometer beam is composed of a contribution from all 64 antennas, for each antenna that buries the signal level will increase by 1/64 of ∼9 dB. The measured response of the system to burial showed significant changes as snow accumulated in and over the array during 1998. The changes are consistent with the magnitude of the effects predicted by the theoretical calculations. The Halley imaging riometer system, having now been buried completely, is operating more efficiently than if a standard air-tuned configuration had been deployed. The results are of considerable relevance to the ever-increasing community of imaging riometer users regarding both deployment and the subsequent interpretation of scientific data. Some systems will experience similar permanent burial, while others will be subject to significant annual variability as a result of becoming snow-covered during winter and clear during summer.
Thecosome pteropods are abundant upper-ocean zooplankton that build aragonite shells. Ocean acidification results in the lowering of aragonite saturation levels in the surface layers, and several incubation studies have shown that rates of calcification in these organisms decrease as a result. This study provides a weight-specific net calcification rate function for thecosome pteropods that includes both rates of dissolution and calcification over a range of plausible future aragonite saturation states (Ωar). We measured gross dissolution in the pteropod Limacina helicina antarctica in the Scotia Sea (Southern Ocean) by incubating living specimens across a range of aragonite saturation states for a maximum of 14 days. Specimens started dissolving almost immediately upon exposure to undersaturated conditions (Ωar~0.8), losing 1.4% of shell mass per day. The observed rate of gross dissolution was different from that predicted by rate law kinetics of aragonite dissolution, in being higher at Ωar levels slightly above 1 and lower at Ωar levels of between 1 and 0.8. This indicates that shell mass is affected by even transitional levels of saturation, but there is, nevertheless, some partial means of protection for shells when in undersaturated conditions. A function for gross dissolution against Ωar derived from the present observations was compared to a function for gross calcification derived by a different study, and showed that dissolution became the dominating process even at Ωar levels close to 1, with net shell growth ceasing at an Ωar of 1.03. Gross dissolution increasingly dominated net change in shell mass as saturation levels decreased below 1. As well as influencing their viability, such dissolution of pteropod shells in the surface layers will result in slower sinking velocities and decreased carbon and carbonate fluxes to the deep ocean.
A Cherwell survey this week has revealed that 80 per cent of Oxford students think that Britain should remain in the European Union (EU). Of the 777 students surveyed, 13 per cent of respondents expressed the opinion that Britain should leave the EU, whilst only seven per cent remain undecided.The results represent a significant divergence from national polls. The latest online poll by YouGov for The Times found that 38 per cent of adults surveyed wanted to leave the EU, 37 wished to remain, and 25 per cent remained undecided or were not planning to vote.Cherwell’s EU survey comes after Prime Minister David Cameron announced last week that the EU referendum would be held on Thursday 23rd June. Following the announcement, five senior Cabinet ministers, including Michael Gove and Iain Duncan Smith declared their intention to campaign for Britain to leave the EU. A sixth member of the Cabinet, Boris Johnson, also announced his decision to join the Leave campaign on Sunday.Aside from the national campaigns, a number of university-based campaigns have recently launched in Oxford. In response to the survey, the Co-Chairs of Oxford Students for Europe (OSFE,) Eilidh Macfarlane and David Klemperer, told Cherwell, “We are delighted with the results of Cherwell’s s urvey, w hich r eflects t he strong support for EU membership that Oxford students have shown in their reactions to our campaigning.“We hope that many more of the hundreds expressing a desire to remain in the European Union will get involved in this incredibly important campaign over the coming months, and that Oxford students will vote to remain in the EU by such a strong margin in June.”Meanwhile Oliver Shore, a member of Oxford Students for Britain (OSFB), the ‘Leave’ campaign in Oxford, told Cherwell, “It looks like we have a bit of a mountain to climb on campus! But I feel confident that, over the next four months, we will be able to win round students to our cause, as we campaign in advance of this referendum.” Shore added, “Happily, a large proportion of the country is on our side, with good reason, and I look forward to laying out the reasons why students have little to fear and much to gain by voting to leave the European Union. I’m sure that the students of Oxford will be more receptive to our case than the EU was to David Cameron’s ‘renegotiation’.”Despite the Europhilic sentiment expressed by the majority of Oxford students in Cherwell’s survey, many students appeared sceptical of the concessions negotiated by Cameron last week, with only 24 per cent of respondents agreeing that the concessions will help Britain’s relationship with the EU. 42 per cent thought that the concessions would not help, while a significant proportion of students, 34 per cent, remain undecided.Cherwell’s survey also asked students to select which issues surrounding the EU referendum were most important to them.For students expressing a desire for Britain to remain in the EU, the two most important issues highlighted were the free movement of people and the economic implications for Britain, with over three quarters of respondents selecting these issues as important.In contrast, for students who think that Britain should leave the EU, British sovereignty was found to be by far the most significant issue, with nearly 80 per cent of respondents selecting this issue. EU regulations and the free movement of people also registered as important for many of those students who want Britain to leave the EU.Altair Brandon-Salmon, a first-year student at Wadham, told Cherwell, “It is disappointing to see that so many Oxford students have already made up their mind to vote to stay in the European Union, without perhaps understanding the manifold issues surrounding this profoundly un-democratic, bureaucratic, elitist, top-down institution.”He added that it is “striking that issues of democratic accountability are not amongst the highest of priorities for university students, which seems to show a lack of understanding as to how the EU works.”